Born in Paris, the eldest of the second generation of the most famous family of French musicians since the Couperins.
First piano lessons with his aunt, Rose Casadesus, with whom he studies until his entrance into the Paris Conservatoire at the age of 10.
After a year of studies with Louis Diémer, a pupil of Liszt, he obtains a first prize in piano.
First compositions: Le Voyage imaginaire (10 pieces for piano, op.1)
First recital at the Salle des Agriculteurs in Paris.
First prize in harmony at the Paris Conservatoire.
Marries Gabrielle l'Hote (Gaby Casadesus), also a pupil of Diémer and born into a family of musicians.
Gives the first performance of Gabriel Fauré’s Fantaisie, a score he practised with the composer.
First European concert tour.
Meets Maurice Ravel from whom he will receive valuable indications concerning the interpretation of the piano works.
Several concerts in France, England and Spain with Ravel.
In Paris, gives the first recital devoted entirely to the music of Maurice Ravel.
Meets Albert Roussel who dedicates his last piano work to him.
Also meets Manuel de Falla and Florent Schmitt.
Continues his European tours, playing in all the major music capitals.
Birth of his son Jean, who will also become an internationally renowned pianist.
He inaugurates the Salle Pleyel, a leading Paris concert hall. First recitals for piano four hands and two pianos with Gaby Casadesus. First recordings for Columbia in Paris.
First Russian tour: 15 concerts in Moscow.
Completes his String Quartet No.1, Op.13.
First tour in South America.
Birth of his son Guy.
Publication of his 24 Preludes for piano, Op. 5 (Eschig).
First tour in Africa and the Middle East.
First performance of his Concerto for Two Pianos, Op. 17 in Warsaw, with Gaby Casadesus.
He succeeds Isidor Philipp as director of the piano classes at the American Conservatory in Fontainebleau.
Durand, the publisher of Debussy and Ravel, brings out his Sonata for Flute and Piano, Op. 18.
Durand will become the principal publisher of his works.
First tour to the United States. Arturo Toscanini invites him to play the Piano Concerto No.2 by Brahms with the New York Philharmonic the following year.
Tours in Europe and the United States.
Named Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur (France) and Officer of the Order of Léopold (Belgium).
The French government sends him to the United States to give a series of concerts and take over the activities of the American Conservatory in Fontainebleau, relocated in Newport.
He becomes Albert Einstein’s neighbour in Princeton, New Jersey, where he resides with his family.
First recital at New York’s Carnegie Hall, followed by his first recordings in the United States, including the complete piano music of Ravel and Debussy, in collaboration with Goddard Lieberson (Columbia Records).
Birth of his daughter, Thérèse. Beginning of a long friendship with Zino Francescatti to whom he dedicates his Second Sonata for Piano and Violin, Op. 34.
The American Conservatory in Fontainebleau moves to Great Barrington (Massachusetts). Grant Johannesen, Charles Rosen and his son Jean are amongst the finest students.
During these years of exile, he regularly goes on tour in North America, appearing with the leading orchestras.
Return to Europe. Named Director of the American Conservatory in Fontainebleau.
First performance of his Piano Concerto No.2, with Leopold Stokowski conducting the New York Philharmonic. Named Commander of the Order of Orange-Nassau by Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands.
The Polish government asks him to give a Chopin recital at Albert Hall in London to commemorate the hundredth anniversary of the famous composer’s death.
Named Officer of the Légion d'Honneur. Dimitri Mitropoulos asks him to play Bach’s Concerto for Three Pianos with Gaby and Jean Casadesus on the occasion of 200th anniversary of the composer’s death.
First performance of his Suite for Orchestra, by the New York Philharmonic.
First recordings with Zino Francescatti of Beethoven’s ten Violin Sonatas. He is appointed Director General of the American Conservatory in Fontainebleau, where his son Jean and Nadia Boulanger teach. Receives the Grand Prix de l'Académie Charles Cros and the Grand Prix de l'Académie du disque for his recording of the complete piano music of Maurice Ravel.
Receives the Brahms Medal in Hamburg and the Vermeil Medal of the City of Paris.
Records his Nonetto, Op. 45 and Sextet, Op. 58.
The Art of Robert Casadesus, by Sacha Stookes, is published in London.
The New York Philharmonic plays his Three Dances for Orchestra, Op.54 on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of his American debut.
First tour in Japan.
Named Commander of the Légion d'Honneur.
Awarded the Edison Prize of the Netherlands for the body of his recordings.
First performance of his Concerto for Three Pianos at Lincoln Center in New York.
The Bell Telephone Hour devotes a one-hour television broadcast to him, entitled ‘The First Family of the Piano’, with Gaby and Jean Casadesus.
100th concert with the New York Philharmonic.
On the occasion of his 70th birthday, Steinway & Sons presents him with a collection of letters written by the most famous conductors.
He plays Beethoven’s Fourth Concerto at the Bonn Festival on the occasion of Beethoven’s bicentennial.
50th anniversary of his concert career, representing 3,000 concerts and 100 recordings.
Named Commander of the Order of Léopold in the presence of Queen Fabiola of Belgium.
His son Jean dies in an automobile accident in Canada.
During the summer, he gives his final concerts at the festivals of Aix-en-Provence and Prades.
Dies in Paris, 19th September, after a brief illness.